Spacious spaces of lawns are lovely, but they take a lot of work and resources. They do not just happen. In Australia, we’ve the added complication of hot dry summers which most lawns don’t like. Lawns need a lot of water, nutrients and time. Lawns are cooling, help us relax psychologically during hot weather and are a great place to sit and have fun. Our kids and pets love lawns, especially to roll and play on.
Many gardeners dream of a smooth green lawn but don’t understand what maintenance techniques are involved to do this look. This short article will let you in to the tricks of the trade and allow you to create a beautiful green lawn.
Love Irrigation on Flickr
There are two forms of grasses cool season and warm season and they both have good and bad points. Cool season grasses such as bent, rye or fescue like temperatures between 10-20C and have two growth periods – autumn and spring. They’re lovely and green over winter but they often go brown over summer. It is difficult to keep them green over summer and they need a lot of water. They’ve a greater leaf, are not as robust as the warm seasons grasses and don’t seem to get into just as much trouble of warm season species. Cool season grasses multiply by seed or by producing more tillers around the very first shoot that originates from the seed. A tiller is the brand new side growth, right alongside the parent plant.
Warm seasons grasses such a buffalo, couch and kikuyu like warmer temperatures (20-30C) and often die down over winter in colder areas. They like tropical humid conditions and keep their colour over summer. They’re drought tolerant and can tolerate neglect. But they’re very vigorous and get can enter into all sort of mischief. Warm season’s grasses spread by stolons and/or rhizomes. Rhizomes are actually compressed stems and one of the big draw backs of these kind of grasses are that they grow under the ground into your flower beds. Underground runners are very hard to obtain rid off as they constantly grow back. Warm season grasses are much coarser and may be prickly to sit on. They tend to produce thatch over time.
Just like all plants, the roots need oxygen and compaction is often the major trouble with lawns. Compaction is once the soil particles are pushed together and the moisture and oxygen can’t penetrate the soil. This often happens in high traffic areas including the way to the clothes line. Compaction causes the grass to struggle and weeds to thrive as weeds are able to cope with soils with low oxygen. Compaction also causes bad drainage, steering clear of the water from soaking into the very best soil and moving down profile. Puddles are brought on by either the pore spaces being high in water, or the particles are so closely packed together, the water can’t filter through. The grass literally drowns while there is no oxygen!